**On This Page:** View Summary Charts & Headline results for the latest analysis for all schools in as a whole.

**. This is the equivalent of the "Distance Stats" and the "Carbon & Calorie" Stats" in the existing STHC output.**

Calculated?

We know how pupils travel to the school from the **Pupil Usual Mode Of Travel data** that you collect from your pupils and enter and maintain on your school information management system. This gets collected once a year by your local authority, compiled into a single dataset for "all pupils at all schools", and then provided to us for the STHC analysis.

However since the removal of pupil usual mode of travel data from the National School Census by the Department for Education (DfE) in 2011, it is up to local authorities to:-

- decide they value the insight that pupil usual mode of travel data provides.
- mandate the schools under their control to contine collecting it from pupils and record it in their information management systems.
- make alternative arrangements to collect it from the information management system of all their schools.

As academy schools are autonomous and it is our understanding that the local authority will usually need to establish a formal data sharing agreement with each one before their pupil usual mode of travel data can be collected and compiled with other schools to create an "all pupils at all schools" to supply to us for analysis.

**The pupil usual modes of travel supplied to us for analysis for for the school year are as follows:-**

Total Pupil Journeys

** pupil journey records were supplied for analysis by us for all schools.**

Unknown Pupil Travel Modes

** out of pupil journeys have no recorded usual mode of travel, and so have been coded as Unknown (UNK) =
% of total supplied**

** Note:** If this number is high the STHC Sustainable Travel Red / Amber / Green Indicators calculated for each school may not be accurate as Unknown (UNK) modes of travel are treated as Car / Van (CAR) for CO

Walking

(WLK)

** Pupils =
% of total**

Cycling

(CYC)

** Pupils =
% of total**

Car/Van (Solo)

(CAR)

** Pupils =
% of total**

Car/Van (Share)

(CRS)

** Pupils =
% of total**

Public Service

Bus (PSB)

** Pupils =
% of total**

Dedicated School

Bus (DSB)

** Pupils =
% of total**

Train

(TRN)

** Pupils =
% of total**

Taxi

(TXI)

** Pupils =
% of total**

LA: **Pupil Count by Recorded Usual Mode of Travel**

LA: **Pupil Count by Recorded Usual Mode of Travel (% of All Pupils)**

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Total & Average "Actual" Pupil Travel Distances

**How Is ThisCalculated?**
The starting point of the STHC spatial analysis is to calculate the straight-line ("as the crow flies") distance between the centre of a pupils home postcode area and the official addresspoint of the actual school they attend. In the STHC Output this is called the "Pupil Home – 'Actual' School Distance" or just "Actual Distance" for short. This represents the length of a single "school run" - the pupils journey from either home to school or back again.

Next we calculate the collective total travel distance for all pupils, from which we can then calculate the average distance travelled by each pupil.

We break these calculated distances down by Pupil Usual Mode of Travel. Users should keep a "weather eye" on stats for the journeys where the mode of travel is recorded as Unknown (UNK) in order to decide for themselves if they are statistically significant or not.

Click on the "How Is This Calculated?" button above to find out more.

**The total and average pupil travel distances calculated by our analysis for all schools for the school year are as follows:-**

Pupil Travel Distances

**Total Pupil Journeys travelled per "school run" =
**

**Total Distance travelled per "school run" =
km**

**Average Distance travelled per "school run" =
km**

__Note__ - "School Run" = Journey __from__ home __to__ school __or__ vice versa.

Unknown Mode

(UNK)

** Pupils =
% of total**

**Total Distance =
km =
% of total**

**Average Distance =km**

Walking

(WLK)

** Pupils =
% of total**

**Total Distance =km =
% of total**

**Average Distance =km**

Cycling

(CYC)

** Pupils =
% of total**

**Total Distance =
km =
% of total**

**Average Distance =
km**

Car/Van (Solo)

(CAR)

** Pupils =
% of total**

**Total Distance =
km =
% of total**

**Average Distance =
km**

Car/Van (Share)

(CRS)

**Pupils =
% of total**

**Total Distance =
km =
% of total**

**Average Distance =
km**

Public Service

Bus (PSB)

**Pupils =
% of total**

**Total Distance =
km =
% of total**

**Average Distance =**

**km**

Dedicated School

Bus (DSB)

**Pupils =
% of total**

**Total Distance =**

**km =
% of total**

**Average Distance =**

**km**

Train

(TRN)

**Pupils =
% of total**

**Total Distance =**

**km =
% of total**

**Average Distance =**

**km**

Taxi

(TXI)

**Pupils
% of total**

**Total Distance =**

**km =
% of total**

**Average Distance =**

**km**

LA: **Total Distance Travelled Per "School Run" By Usual Mode of Travel (km)**

LA: **Total Distance Travelled Per "School Run" By Usual Mode of Travel (% of All Distance)**

LA: **Average Distance Travelled Per "School Run" By Usual Mode of Travel (km)**

Note the **differences in the proportion** of pupils travelling by each mode versus the proportion of total distances they have collectively travelled. For example in the whole of % of pupils walk to school, but they account for only % of the km total distance collectively travelled on each "school run".

Also note the **differences between the average distances travelled for each mode**. For example in as a whole the average length of journey is km, but by Public Service Bus (PSB) it is km, whilst by Car / Van (CAR) it is km. How do the average journeys for your school differ?

Even if you did not submit Pupil Usual Mode of Travel data the spatial analysis can still provide useful information. How does the average length of pupil journey to your school compare to that for as a whole?

"Actual" Pupils Living Within A Realistic Walking Distance (Walk Threshold)

**How Is ThisCalculated?**
From the "Pupil Home – 'Actual' School Distance" figures calculated for each pupil by spatial analysis, it is then possible to determine which live within a realistic walking distance (the "Walk Threshold") of the school they actually attend. This is defined by us as 800m (0.5 miles) for age Primary age pupils (NCY R-6) and 2 km (1.2 miles) for Secondary age pupils (NCY 7-14).

If we have pupil usual mode of travel data for the school, we can also calculate which of those pupils are travelling by other modes, in particular by Car / Van, which gives rise to the ** Short Term STHC Sustainable Travel Indicator** for the school.

**The "Pupils Living Within Walk Threshold" calculated by our analysis for all schools for the school year are as follows:-**

Living Within Walk Threshold

** out of the pupils in live within a realistic walking distance (the "Walk Threshold") of the school they attend =
% of total**

Living Within Walk Threshold

Travelling By Car / Van

** out of the pupils that live within a realistic walking distance (the "Walk Threshold") of the school they attend, still travel by Car / Van =
% of pupils living within walk threshold**

**% of total pupils**

__Note__: This is equivelant to the __Short Term__ STHC Sustainable Travel Indicator for individual schools:-

*Red: >30 Pupils Amber:10-30 Pupils Green:<10 Pupils*

The **number of Pupils Living Within Walk Threshold** indicates how well the school is located with respect to its pupils (and vice versa!). Several factors are involved in this - the 'rurality' of the school, how far pupils are willing to travel to get to it (by whatever means) etc. From a sustainable travel point of view there is little a school can do to change this metric if its' physical location means that there are few pupils (actual or potential) living nearby. Such situations are becoming more common as schools merge and a new campus is built on a new site.

What a school can do something about is influencing how the pupils that do live within a realistic walking distance travel to it. We call this a **short term indicator** as it is something that can be immediately tackled by the school if it chooses to do so with the help of the school travel professionals - awareness raising campaigns like Walk Once a Week (WOW), "Park & Stride" schemes, better cycling / pedestrian infrastructure etc. It is a concept that everybody can understand ("why are they not walking when it's such a short distance?"), and therefore buy into the idea of tackling. It is also something that can be easily and consistently measured so if the number decreases over time, it indicates that progress is being made in tackling the issue.

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**How Is ThisCalculated?**
When we have Pupil Usual Mode of Travel data, we can convert the "Pupil Home – 'Actual' School Distance" into

__Note__: *Unknown (UNK) modes of travel are treated as Car / Van for CO _{2} emissions purposes.*

However total annual CO_{2} emissions do not tell the whole story. In order to be able to meaningfully compare the school travel carbon footprint for your school with any other school, we need to calculate an **overall annual average CO _{2} emission per pupil **for all pupils at the school (ie. not just those that travel by CO

**The total and per pupil travel CO _{2} calculated by our analysis for all schools for the school year are as follows:-**

Total CO

** out of total pupil journeys either to or from school involve motorised transport and therefore emit CO_{2} =**

% of total journeys

__Note__ - Modes of travel "involving motorised transport" are as follows for CO_{2} calculation purposes:-

Car/Van (Solo)

(CAR)
Car/Van (Share)

(CRS)
Public Service

Bus (PSB)
Dedicated School

Bus (DSB)
Bus (Unknown Type)

(BNK)
Taxi

TXI)
Train

(TRN)
Mode Unknown

(UNK)

Total CO

**Total Pupil Journeys travelled by CO _{2} emitting modes per "school run" =
pupils =
% of total**

**Total Distance travelled by CO _{2} emitting modes per "school run" =
km =
% of total**

**Total Distance travelled by CO _{2} emitting modes per SCHOOL DAY (= 2 x "school run") =
km**

**Total Distance travelled by CO _{2} emitting modes per SCHOOL YEAR (= 190 x "SCHOOL DAYS") =
km**

__Note__ - "School Run" = Journey __from__ home __to__ school __or__ vice versa.

Total CO

**Total Pupil Journeys travelled by CO _{2} emitting modes per "school run" =
out of pupils**

**Total travel CO _{2} emitted per "school run" =
kg CO_{2} =
Kg CO_{2} per total pupil per "school run"**

**Total travel CO _{2} emitted per SCHOOL DAY (= 2 x "school run") =
kg CO_{2} =
Kg CO_{2} per total pupil per SCHOOL DAY**

**Total travel CO _{2} emitted per SCHOOL YEAR (= 190 x SCHOOL DAYS) =
kg CO_{2} =
Kg CO_{2} per total pupil per SCHOOL YEAR**

__Note__: The __Long Term__ STHC Sustainable Travel Indicator for individual schools is calculated on how their total travel CO_{2} emissions per pupil compare to this LA average value:-

**Red: >10% Above Average Amber: Within 10% Green: <10 below Average**

Car/Van (Solo)

(CAR)

** Pupils =
% of total**

**Total Distance =
km =
% of total**

**Total CO _{2} emitted =
kg =
% of total**

Car/Van (Share)

(CRS)

**Pupils =
% of total**

**Total Distance =
km =
% of total**

**Total CO _{2} emitted =
kg =
% of total**

Public Service

Bus (PSB)

**Pupils =
% of total**

**Total Distance =
km =
% of total**

**Total CO _{2} emitted =
kg =
% of total**

Dedicated School

Bus (DSB)

**Pupils =
% of total**

**Total Distance =**

**km =
% of total**

**Total CO _{2} emitted =
kg =
% of total**

Bus (Type Not

Known) (BNK)

**Pupils =
% of total**

**Total Distance =**

**km =
% of total**

**Total CO _{2} emitted =
kg =
% of total**

Train

(TRN)

**Pupils =
% of total**

**Total Distance =**

**km =
% of total**

**Total CO _{2} emitted =
kg =
% of total**

Taxi

(TXI)

**Pupils
% of total**

**Total Distance =**

**km =
% of total**

**Total CO _{2} emitted =
kg =
% of total**

Unknown Mode

(UNK)

**Pupils =
% of total**

**Total Distance =**

**km =
% of total**

**Total CO _{2} emitted =
kg =
% of total**

LA: **Total Travel CO**_{2} Emitted Per "School Run" By Usual Mode of Travel (kg)

LA: **Total Travel CO**_{2} Emitted Per "School Run" By Usual Mode of Travel (kg) (% of All CO_{2} Emitted)

CO_{2} emissions are very much a longer term sustainable school travel indicator because, although the concept is fairly easy to understand - the further you drive the more CO_{2} is produced - tackling the issue is not so straight forward. All forms of motorised travel emit CO_{2}. Yes some more than others theoretically on a per passenger basis, but a high proportion of pupils travelling by Dedicated School Bus (DSB) from a long distance away will produce a similar overall annual average CO_{2} per pupil as a few coming by Car / Van (CAR) from not very far away.

Reducing total CO_{2} emissions will require sustained action by the school community over a longer period of time, supported by continued STHC analysis resources.

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**How Is ThisCalculated?**
The health and academic benefits of active travel to school are well known, so we also convert the "Pupil Home – 'Actual' School Distance" into calories burnt for those modes of travel not involving motorised transport by using the latest Calorie Conversion Factors from academic research (click the "How Is This Calculated" button to find out more).

As with the CO_{2} emission we have calculated the average calories burned per pupil for all pupils at the school (ie. not just those that travel by walking and cycling) so we can compare "apples with apples", however we have not converted this into an STHC indicator.

**The total and per pupil travel calories burned calculated by our analysis for all schools for the school year are as follows:-**

Total Active Calorie Burning Journeys

** out of total pupil journeys either to or from school do not involve motorised transport and therefore actively burn calories =
% of total journeys**

__Note__ - Modes of travel "not involving motorised transport" are as follows for calorie burning calculation purposes:-

**Walking(WLK)**

(CYC)

Total Active Calorie Burning Journeys

**Total Pupil Journeys travelled by active calorie burning modes per "school run" =
pupils =
% of total**

**Total Distance travelled by active calorie burning modes per "school run" =
km =
% of total**

**Total Distance travelled by active calorie burning modes per SCHOOL DAY (= 2 x "school run") =
km**

**Total Distance travelled by active calorie burning modes per SCHOOL YEAR (= 190 x "SCHOOL DAYS") =
km**

__Note__ - "School Run" = Journey __from__ home __to__ school __or__ vice versa.

Total Active Calories Burned

**Total Pupil Journeys travelled by active calorie burning modes per "school run" =
out of pupils**

**Total active travel calories burned per "school run" =
calories =
calories per total pupil per "school run"**

**Total active travel calories burned per SCHOOL DAY (= 2 x "school run") =
calories =
calories per total pupil per SCHOOL DAY**

**Total active travel calories burned per SCHOOL YEAR (= 190 x DAYS) =
calories =
calories per total pupil per SCHOOL YEAR**

__Note__: There is currently no STHC Sustainable Travel Indicator for individual schools on active travel Calories Burned.

LA: **Total Calories Burned Per "School Run" By Usual Mode of Travel (kCal)**

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**How Is ThisCalculated?**
Another approach to reducing school travel carbon footprints is to reduce the total distance travelled by pupils. As we can't change where the pupils live, lets look at the school they actually attend - is it the nearest one they could possibly go to (given their national curriculum year group)? If not, what is, and how much "extra" distance are they travelling?

These questions are easily answered by the STHC as the spatial analysis process routinely deduces a pupils nearest eligible school and the distance to it, and compares that with the actual school they attend. This is yet another long term sustainable travel indicator, however again we have not yet made a formal STHC indicator out of it.

**The pupils attending their nearest eligible school calculated by our analysis for all schools for the school year are as follows:-**

Attending Their "Nearest

Eligible School"

** out of the pupils in are attending their "Nearest Eligible School" =
% of total**

__Note__: "Nearest Eligible School" = Nearest school to a pupil that they could attend based on their National Curriculum Yeargroup (NCY).

**Pupils Attending Their Nearest School** is again a very much longer term sustainable school travel indicator. The concept is fairly easy to understand - if pupils went to their nearest school then they wouldn't travel as far so there will be less CO_{2} produced - but there is much more to it than just school travel distance. Viewed from the schools perspective this indicator quantifies the "attractiveness" of the school amongst the pupils that attend it. The bigger "the draw" of the school, the further parents will be willing to travel and the fewer the pupils for whom the school is their nearest. We have not put rated the indicator values against a traffic light system as there is no simple target to aim for. What would your school suggest?

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